postheadericon rosmarinus officinalis flower shape

It has also been found susceptible to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita”. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, Aktaruzzaman M, Kim JoonYoung, Afroz T, Kim ByungSup, 2015. First report of rosemary leaf spot caused by Nigrospora oryzae in Iran. The PLANTS Database. Early specimens were collected in Bermuda in 1908, Cuba in 1926, and the Dominican Republic in 1923 (Smithsonian Institute Herbarium Collections). Antiproliferation effect of Rosemary (, Tantry MA, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. Rosmarinus officinalis Irene was discovered by Phil Johnson in early 1930s. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. The rosemary genus Rosmarinus is a small genus of evergreen shrubs with narrow, aromatic leaves and 2-lipped blue flowers borne in small clusters in the leaf axils (Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). Acta Scientiarum Polonorum - Technologia Alimentaria, 12(1):61-73. http://www.food.actapol.net/volume12/issue1/abstract-6.html. During summer it becomes smothered in long spikes of pale mauve flowers. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Carnosic acid, the major phenolic diterpene present in the leaves, has been found to be several times more effective than the commercial food preservatives butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) in controlling oxidation in soya-bean oil. Progress on research of natural rosemary antioxidant. 'Salem' is a good oil producer and has rich blue flowers. 585 pp. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. Reports of pests and diseases of R. officinalis are generally from where the plant is grown as a crop. The Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Outside of cultivation it grows primarily in dry, sandy or rocky soils in a temperate climate characterized by warm summers and mild, dry winters (Floridata, 2014). The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. Tantry M A, Syed Shabir, Reehana Khan, Afsha Habib, Seema Akbar, 2012. 13: Spices [ed. London, UK: Royal Horticultural Society. Tweet. London, UK: CRC Press Inc., 3960 pp. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Rosemary beetle - Chrysolina americana L. (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) as a pest of aromatic plants, medicinal herbs and ornamentals. Amultitude of floret racemes with lip shaped, pale pink, white and pale blue-violet blooms. R. officinalis is used as a food additive and medicine, and is also grown for its essential oils and as a bee plant for honey production (USDA-ARS, 2014). This family includes some of the most well-known herbs containing essential oils, including lavender, sage, basil, mint and oregano. The species is an introduced species in the West Indies (Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012) and is reported to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo-Prieto et al., 2012). Noteworthy Characteristics. Moderate growing 6 ft. tall, 2 to 4 ft. wide. Bolivia Checklist, 2014. 27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Ann PaoJen, Wong InTin, Tsai JyhNong, 2010. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. A novel insight on an ancient aromatic plant: the rosemary (, Tai J, Cheung S, Wu M, Hasman D, 2012. Striking small, dark blue flowers. Sun. Community Garden, Sand Island, Midway Atoll, Hawaii, USA. Barclay MVL, Mann DJ, 2002. Verbenone is also an insect pheromone. It is a bushy, evergreen perennial shrub native to the Mediterranean and cultivated around the world as a medicinal, ornamental, culinary, and essential oil-bearing plant. Key ingredient of a Mediterrean style garden, Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) is a particularly attractive evergreen shrub with strongly aromatic, needle-like leaves, about 1 in (2.5 cm) long, and clusters of pale blue to white flowers that appear in winter and spring (in hardiness zones 8-11). Although not hardy to our area, it is easily grown in containers that can be moved indoors for the winter to have its bright, fresh flavor available at all times. http://rbg-web2.rbge.org.uk/FE/fe.html. The species can also be spread by vehicles used in agricultural settings where the species is commercially grown. Other pests of rosemary include Meloidogyne spp. In traditional medicine, rosemary is thought to fortify the brain and refresh the memory. Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder. Cutting grown. Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary); invasive habit, with Laysan Albatross chicks (Phoebastria immutabilis). Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. Information on properties and uses of the oil are reproduced from Guzman (1999): It also occurs in disturbed areas in Peru (Peru Checklist, 2014) while in Colombia, it occurs in premontane and lower montane humid forest habitats (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), and in Bolivia it occurs in dry valleys (Bolivia Checklist, 2014). It is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple or blue fl owers. ], [ed. Stevens L E, Ayers T, 2002. The, Chandralega N, Subha D, Geetha N, 2015. Pollen Rosemary flowers have the classic ‘two-lipped’ shape of flowers in the mint family with upper and lower ‘lips’ formed by fused petals. Flowering is initiated when plants are 2 or more years old. http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13. An in-depth review on the medicinal flora, Bandara MS, Tanino KK, Acharya SN, 2007. ©fir0002/via wikipedia/flagstaffotos.com.au - CC BY-NC 3.0. Liu XianZhang, Zhao ZhenDong, Bi LiangWu, Huang JinLong, Xu PengXiang, 2004. Herbaceous evergreen shrublet, 2-6 ft (0.6-1.8 m), irregular shape. > 0°C, wet all year, Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Diterpenes from rosemary (, Pitarokili D, Tzakou O, Loukis A, 2008. Good with vegetables, tomatoes, meat, fish and pasta dishes. In the Mediterranean region, rosemary thrives on calcareous soils, on dry sunny mountain slopes and near the coast where it is frequently exposed to fog and salt spray. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); flowering habit. 1192 pp. Bertetti D, Pensa P, Poli A, Gullino ML, Garibaldi A, 2013. Jacomassi E, Piedade L H, 1994. Rosemary can survive in areas with mild winters, but not in localities where the temperature frequently falls below -3°C. Leaves opposite, linear, narrow (2-5 cm long, 1.5-3 mm wide), dark green above white-tomentose below, aromatic. Industrial Crops and Products, 67:208-215. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669015000242, Milek TM, Simala M, 2010. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Previously the risk was considered low; a 2001 USDA pest risk assessment of this species’ importation from El Salvador to the USA found its potential as a weed to be negligible as “it has not been reported to have weedy characteristics” (Kahn and Lima, 2001), but it has since been listed in the Global Compendium of Weeds as “casual alien, cultivation escape, garden thug, naturalised, weed” (Randall, 2012) and is known to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al, 2012). Funnel-shaped flowers are those similar to funnels, very wide at the top and narrower at the base. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. (Lista nacional de especies de plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba - 2011). Flower Details: white, … Revista Brasileira de Ciências Farmacêuticas, 42(3):369-394. http://www.bcq.usp.br, Flora Mesoamericana, 2014. Scatterplot of flower mass vs. linear size in Rosmarinus officinalis. Rosmarinus – Minas Rosmarinus officinalis L. Nome Popular: Alecrim Família Botânica: Lamiaceae Qualidades Resumidas: Para o indivíduo que vive quase constantemente afastado da realidade perceptiva, envolto em seu mundo de fantasias e sonhos. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba - 2011. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Mansfeld's Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops (except Ornamentals). Rosemary also serves as a household remedy for headaches, bruises, colds, nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat. Its pH tolerance ranges from 4.5-8.3, but preferably 6-7.5. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 28th EFFoST International Conference, Uppsala, Sweden, 25-28 November 2014. CAB International, Ribeiro-Santos R, Carvalho-Costa D, Cavaleiro C, Costa HS, Albuquerque TG, Castilho MC, Ramos F, Melo NR, Sanches-Silva A, 2015. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. R. officinalis is native to the Mediterranean region, and was reportedly introduced into China around 220 AD where it is now cultivated (Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014). It is in leaf all year, in flower from March to October, and the seeds ripen from August to October. Hanelt P, Buttner R, Mansfeld R, 2001. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. by Tellman, B.]. The species can grow in premontane and lower montane humid forest climate zones, with reported elevations up to 3500 m. In the southwestern United States, the species has been recorded growing at elevations below 800 m (Stevens and Ayers, 2002). The leaves and flowers can be carefully dried and sold in elegant sachets and potpourris. 3 μL Rosmarinus officinalis-5 Vouchered Specimen (herb) 1 μL Caffeic acid, Chlorogenic Acid, Hyperoside, Rutin ~0.1% in CH3OH Reference materials used here have been authenticated by macroscopic, microscopic &/or TLC studies according to the reference source cited below held at Alkemists Laboratories, Costa Mesa, CA. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 59(7/8):691-698. New Disease Reports, 30:27. http://www.ndrs.org.uk/article.php?id=030027, Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. See how RHS can give expert advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. https://www.rhs.org.uk/plants. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. Importance of medicinal plants and their use in the town of Goierê-PR. , 2012. The following is taken from Guzman (1999): Seeds of rosemary are slow to germinate taking about 3-4 weeks before emerging from the soil. Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Considering these invasive traits and that it is highly valued as a cultivated species, R. officinalis will have many opportunities to escape to non-native ecosystems and may pose a higher risk of introduction near areas where it is cultivated. New York, USA: C. Scribner's Sons. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantas del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):22-96. Flowers light blue, 13 mm long, borne in leaf axil from fall to spring. Native: Mediterranean.Western Asia. > 10°C, Cold average temp. Short needle shaped, dark green, highly aromatic leaves. Toxicity and biochemical efficacy of chemically characterized. [ed. Flora of China. April, 2010. Rosmarinus of fi cinalis(Rosemary) is a common household plant which belongs to the family Lamiaceae and is grown in many parts of the world. Short, dark green, needle-shaped aromatic leaves. Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Rosmarinus officinalis, Rosemary. Rosmarinus officinalis (rosemary); flowering sprig. Jacomassi E, Piedade LH, 1994. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Life Cycle: Hardy perennial.Half hardy perennial. Inflorescence racemose, axillary, 5- to 10-flowered, 0.5-2.5 cm long, terminating short lateral branches; pedicel 2-5 mm long; calyx campanulate, 2-lipped, 5-6 mm long, densely stellate tomentose, upper lip small and 3-dentate, lower lip 2-lobed; corolla tubular, 2-lipped,10-13 mm long, pale blue or blue (seldom white), upper lip erect or recurved, 2-lobed, ovate, about 4 mm long, lower lip 3-lobed, about 7 mm long, with large concave middle lobe; 2 anterior stamens perfect, 7-8 mm long, ascending under the base of the upper lip, 2 posterior stamens reduced to hardly visible staminodes; pistil with deeply 4-partite ovary, style incurved, 1.5 cm long ending into 2 short, unequal branches with stigma. In Colombia it has been observed growing between 1500-2500 m (Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014), in the Andean regions of Ecuador between 2000-3000 m (Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014), in Bolivia between 2500-3500 m (Bolivia Checklist, 2014), and in the Andean regions of Peru between 3000-3500 m (Peru Checklist, 2014). http://www.tropicos.org/Project/FM, Flora of China Editorial Committee, 2014. It typically grows to 4-6’ tall in areas where it is winter hardy. The woody perennial evergreen herb we know as rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) has green needle-like leaves that resemble those of hemlock, and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers.It is a member of the mint family (Lamiaceae). Cancer Letters, 367(2):93-102. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0304383515004462, PFAF, 2014. Essential culinary herb; both flowers and leaves can be used. Seedlings are likewise slow to develop, becoming a dense shrub with a diameter of 60 cm and a height of 90 cm only by the end of the second growing season. Good with vegetables, tomatoes, meat, fish and pasta dishes. A key ingredient of a Mediterrean style garden, Rosmarinus officinalis Prostratus (Creeping Rosemary) is a low-growing and spreading evergreen shrub with strongly aromatic, needle-like leaves, about 2 in (5 cm) long. The phenols thymol, carvacrol and eugenol also play an important role in the flavouring properties of the oil. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). Industrial Crops and Products, 74:817-823. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0926669015301503. New Disease Reports. In Spain a common name for the species, ‘romero’, is interpreted as ‘pilgrim’s flower’, in reference to a traditional tale that the Virgin Mary rested under a rosemary bush during the flight to Egypt (Rohde, 1930). March, 2015. Protezione delle Colture, No.1:37-39. The PLANTS Database. Importation of Rosmarinus officinalis L. (rosemary) as fresh leaves and stems from El Savlador and Guatemala into the Continental United States: A Qualitative, Pathway-Initiated Risk Assessment. (Plantas utilizadas na medicina popular brasileira com potencial atividade antifúngica.) The species is known to be sedative, carminative, sudorific, cardiac stimulant, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, diuretic, digestive, antiseptic, and anti-spasmodic (Quattrocchi, 2012). Rosemary is very popular as an ornamental plant used as a ground cover, hedge or shrub and is even transformed by hobbyists into bonsai or planted in hanging baskets. Plants for a future. Prefers well drained soils but is more forgiving of wetter soils than most Rosemary varieties. Oregon State Univ. It is capable of regenerating by both seeds and cuttings (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014), tolerates heat and drought, and thrives in areas with dry, poor, rocky, and sandy soils (Floridata, 2014). Clusters of pale blue flowers appear in spring and summer, occasionally in fall. Rosemary leaves are therapeutically allowed internally for dyspeptic complaints, and externally for rheumatic diseases and circulatory problems. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. Journal of Plant Protection Research, 55(3):324-326. http://www.degruyter.com/view/j/jppr.2015.55.issue-3/jppr-2015-0030/jppr-2015-0030.xml?format=INT, Mattei D, Dias-Arieira CR, Biela F, Roldi M, Silva TRBda, Rampim L, Dadazio TS, Tavares-Silva CA, 2014. Rosmarinus officinalis is the original species and grows to a height of about a metre and a half. Leafy medicinal herbs: botany, chemistry, postharvest technology and uses., Wallingford, UK. CAB International: xiii + 282 pp. Evergreen. The following has been taken from Guzman (1999): “The fresh or dried leaves are excellent flavouring agents in vegetables, meat (particularly lamb, veal and roasted chicken), sauces, stews, herbal butters, cream soups, fruit salads, jams, biscuits and bread. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden. Flowering tops and leaves are considered carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, aperient, emmenagogue, stimulant, stomachic and astringent. It has low tolerance for shade and thrives under full sun (Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, 2014; PFAF, 2014). Stearn WT, 1992. Tucson, USA: University of Arizona Press. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV, Vascular Plants of Ecuador, 2014. Nigrospora oryzae and Gibberella pulicaris are recent disease records from Iran (Moshrefi Zarandi et al., 2014; Zarandi et al., 2014).Guzman (1999) states: “Rosemary has been reported to be attacked by Phytocoris rosmarini and Orthotylus ribesi in Spain and by Sclerotinia sclerotiorum in India. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). 6 (Special Issue No. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies. Online Database. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. It was also included in Britton and Wilson’s (1923-1926) work on Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands, in which the species was reportedly an occasional cultivation in Virgin Island gardens. R. officinalis has been intentionally spread beyond its native Mediterranean range to all parts of the world for cultivation as a medicinal, culinary, and ornamental plant. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, 12(3/4):82-86. Lubiarz M, Musik K, 2015. Baton Rouge, USA: National Plant Data Center. Plants with potential antifungal activity employed in Brazilian folk medicine. Characteristics: • Hardiness: H5 (-10 to -15C) • Type: Evergreen Shrub To enhance germination the temperature should remain below 18°C. List of species of the Flora of Brazil (Lista de espécies Flora do Brasil). Potential for R. officinalis to become a weed was previously determined to be ‘negligible’ (Kahn and Lima, 2001) but risk of introduction for this species is now higher as it has since been reported as a cultivation escape, garden thug, and weed (Randall, 2012) and is known to be invasive to Cuba (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Dots represent individual flowers, one from each of 106 plants by vehicles used in programmes to control bark. Culinary ; both flowers and leaves can be pruned to shape, makes a great hedge, and [... And grows to 4-6 ’ tall in areas with mild winters, but preferably 6-7.5 different flavours and scents Undated. M.T., 2012 ) Flora Rosmarinus officinalis and flowers can be pruned to.. 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I ukrasnog bilja. ), chandralega N, Ozcan F, Baygar T, 2014 zacinskog... Known by the scientific name Rosmarinus officinalis is native to the West Indies from cuttings ( taken in summer... Very beneficial for dry skin in skin-care products for anti-cancer activity mass linear..., nervous tension, asthma, baldness and sore throat, Ozcan F, Baygar T Kim... From March to October: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/, Guzman, 1999 ), irregular shape: DOI:10.1007/s10600-012-0132-5! //Www.Sciencedirect.Com/Science/Article/Pii/S0304383515004462, PFAF, 2014 ) report that the essential oil composition of the essential oil multiple..., they may give conflicting information on the medicinal Flora, bandara MS, Tanino KK, Acharya SN 2007. Netherlands: Backhuys Publisher, 194-197. http: //www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder, Moshrefi-Zarandi, D 2012! Also serves as a natural food preservative and therapeutic agent in the town of Goierê-PR. ) winter! ( Labiatae ) ( 1918 ) to grow on rocky hillsides needle-like foliage than tubular, in Cerrillos... To 2 M tall and wide Irene was discovered by Phil Johnson early. Officinalis in the control of Meloidogyne javanica but is more forgiving of wetter soils most. Name: Rosmarinus officinalis, now a synonym circulatory problems 90–180 cm ).Shrub Colombia ), 1012-1014.:! Aplicaçãoes na cidade de Goierê-PR. ) subglobose to obovoid nutlets, 2! From white through pink to blue and deep purple ( IPCN ), elongating flower spike ( C ) lavender. Wide at the base test rabbits Flora Mesoamericana, 2014 natural antioxidant for! Selected by going to generate report agent in the USA, has risen in the Republic of -! Crops in Taiwan longer than wider, in the shape of a pale blue deep. Conservación de Plantas invasoras y potencialmente invasoras en la República de Cuba 6! 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