postheadericon biggest fish in ganga river

New Delhi, Sep 17 (PTI) Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Giant aquatic creatures and river monsters of India includes Indian mottled eel,Indian mahseer, Freshwater crocodile,Dwarf snakeheads,Wallago attu,Flathead catfish,large water snake,Dugongs and saltwater crocodile. In 1986, the government had launched the first phase of Ganga Action Plan (GAP-I) to protect the country’s largest river basin. There are 15 protected areas along the Ganga, including the Turtle Wildlife Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Wildlife Sanctuary. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific is implementing the Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II) project that aims to generate, share and disseminate scientific knowledge on plastic pollution in the Mekong, Ganges and selected rivers in Sri Lanka and Myanmar to inform policy and decision-making processes at the local, national, regional and global level. Ganges is a nature documentary series for television on the natural history of the River Ganges in India and Bangladesh.As well as the variety of animals and habitats that are to be found along the river’s 2,510 km (1,557 mi) reach, the programmes also feature the cultures, traditions and religions of the very large human population that it supports. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Promotion of Action against Marine Plastic Litter in Asia and the Pacific (CounterMEASURE II), You may republish Mongabay content in your publication at no cost. “The studies carried out under the project revealed a total of 190 The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. To return to mongabay use one of the following links: Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. There is emerging evidence demonstrating that ‘ghost gear’ is not only a marine issue but can pollute freshwater habitats too (Spirkovski et al., 2019). We are currently looking into setting up a net recycling project, particularly at the sites where this discarding behaviour is prevalent,” said Nelms. This invasive fish species from Godavari River is indeed a river monster of Indian rivers and ranked as one of the world’s most deadliest fish. High quality Ganga gifts and merchandise. The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the world's largest river delta and it empties into the Bay of Bengal with the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. “We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets. This very large softshell turtle of India mainly feeds on fish, frogs, crustaceans and molluscs but threatened by hunting and habitat loss hence an endangered species of turtle in India. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. Nelms adds that plastic pollution in rivers and the ocean does not respect protected area boundaries, so such areas are likely to be exposed to the same levels of waste gear as unprotected sites. The river is known as Kali Ganga in Uttarakhand and series of fatal attacks on humans have been reported as well as an episode on River Monsters series about the Kali River goonch attacks on the Animal Planet. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka), Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica), black-spotted turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) and smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicilata) were found to be most vulnerable to entanglement with, and impacts from, waste fishing gear. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. It is likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. The idea is that members of the local community collect nets from the environment, which are then turned into products, such as carpet tiles. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. Fishery Science and Aquaculture ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 2. Major carps and the Clupeid fish, Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) and some large catfishes form the most valued catches across most parts of the Gangetic floodplains. Singh also stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems. This river is now threatened by severe pollution. Local people live on fishing, farming and use the ferry boats to commute. Ganges River. They are a cadre of about 1000 local community members from Ganga states who are actively involved in conservation. According to Hindu faith, there is … For example, Kappenman and Parker (2007) recovered 33 lost gill nets from the Columbia River (USA) and found 126 white sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus), which had been ‘fished’ by this ghost gear. The Ganga river basin is one of the largest inland river basin of India, draining a catchment of 0.86 million km 2 and supporting 43% of India’s population. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga now, he will be able to spot fishes in its waters. Kali River Goonch Catfish. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. Similarly, India may also adopt some strategic directions from Bangladesh that bring success in our hilsa conservation,” said Chowdhury. Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) adopted Decisions 13.122 – 13.125 and called for further research on this issue at COP13 of the Convention on Migratory Species, held in earlier this year in India, according to the CMS. In turn, this severe pollution poses a threat to the life of humans, animals and many marine … This was most common in Sahibganj in India and Rajbari and Chandpur in Bangladesh. Riverine fishery of the Ganga basin supports one of the largest fishing populations in India (Sarkar et al., 2017). The Ganges River supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, 5 crustaceans and various reptiles and birds. Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. It flows through Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh. It is the longest river in India. Ganga – Its Importance: No other river affects the lives of so many people in so many states of India as the Ganga. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. Despite its cultural and religious importance, the river has rapidly degraded since the 20th century due to human activities. The Kali river goonch catfish is the biggest catfish caught and known for attacks on humans. They capture Prawn fish sitting on the boat. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Ganges shark is a critically endangered species found in the River Ganges and the Brahmaputra of India, Its different species of river shark which can be confused with the Ganges and Brahmaputra river bull shark. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. In 1993, GAP-II was initiated which included the river’s tributaries—the Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar and the Mahanadi. The Gharial is critically endangered and one of the longest of all living crocodilians species native to India and it will go extinct in next 10 year or so. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. The habitats are contiguous and the wildlife doesn’t have boundaries,” said Singh. The act of fishing, for river animals and river fishermen, is an expression of their love, which is, quite paradoxically, realised only through deception, ambush, and killing. Most of the time the fisher community is not interested in catching animals; the fish catch matters,” Singh, who was not associated with the study, told Mongabay-India. From the source to the sea via the Bhagirathi-Hooghly it is a run of over 2,500 km. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. The Ganges Delta is a river delta in the South Asia region of Bengal, consisting of Bangladesh and the state of West Bengal, India. Ganga river dolphins also have to deal with chronic noise pollution. The Ganges shark is known to inhabit only in freshwater rivers of eastern and northeastern India. “The good news is that our study found that over 50 percent of the nets were made from Nylon 6, which is a type of plastic that has high value and can be recycled into many new products. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. Gawsia Wahidunnessa Chowdhury of Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, study co-author and member of the Sea to Source expedition, said some areas directly or indirectly get conservation attention through different steps such as ban on fishing and angling. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. They are easily available at the ghats of river Ganga, which people use and throw in the river. Indian River Dolphin is also known as Ganges River Dolphin or South Asian river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of Indian Subcontinent. The Ganga River System . River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. Monofilament fixed gill nets (current jal) and mosquito nets are illegal or restricted in Bangladesh and India, but their presence as observed during the riverbank surveys suggest that fishers are not adhering to the restrictions. The Auspicious Ganga • The river Ganga originates in the Garhwal Himalayas (30° 55' N; 70° 7' E) at an elevation of 4100 m above mean sea level from Gangotri glacier in the western Himalayas in the Uttrakhand state of India. By highlighting the most at-risk species, focused interventions, such as monitoring programs, can be developed to better understand the impacts and potential solutions, the authors emphasise. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. “This reduces plastic pollution in the environment and provides a source of income for fishers and their communities,” said Nelms. Ganges River is the longest river in India and it provides water to about 40% of India’s population. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. There is good scope fishery management by the establishment of the fish ladder, setting fish park and enhancing disrupted habitat by dams and human activities. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. 4. Image source:dailymail. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. Thousands of animal carcasses and human corpses are being released into the river every day. In Varanasi, colorful fish are being found from the Ganges these days, which have been named as cat fish of the Amazon River of the continent of South America. Young fishermen at the Ganga: The fishing community knows the river and its ways unlike anyone else. This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. It flows primarily in a southerly direction through Russia into the Caspian Sea. “Waste and active fishing gear impact aquatic wildlife in similar ways, but what we know about them differs quite significantly. I feel in Bangladesh, we may replicate this idea to empower fishers and the key stakeholders who entirely depend on the rivers of Bangladesh. Goonch Catfish is the man-sized killer catfish and the biggest river monsters fish from India, found in the mountain rivers of North India and Nepal. Led by women scientists, this expedition is the world’s first ground-truthing effort to verify the quantum of plastic load that a freshwater body carries to the sea and substantiate theory as well as models proposed in research. The 2,525 km-long Ganga binds five Indian states along its main stem and 11 in her entire basin that is home to 625 million people. We also get your email address to automatically create an account for you in our website. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. The barrages form barriers across the river. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. These nets are particularly detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas. Although ingestion of debris can pose a risk to fauna, the threat assessment focused on entanglement because entanglement in plastic pollution, such as waste fishing gear, is known to cause mortality and injury in various aquatic vertebrate species. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. Mongabay-India is a conservation and environment news and features service that aims to bring high quality, original reports from nature’s frontline in India. Chowdhury adds that the shared problems reinforce the importance of replicating strategies in the transboundary region.“In India, WII has initiated Ganga Prahari – guardians of the Ganges. The study comes amid an increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers. It is produced by the confluence (संगम) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. The river is very rich in fish fauna; 102 species of the fish from the Narayani river have been recorded. We also feel like more collaborative solution-oriented research works between Bangladesh and India should be designed and implemented as both countries are connected with the aquatic system,” signed-off Chowdhury. Pollution and excessive fishing had meant there were very few fishes left in the Ganga. Several fish markets are thriving in villages close to the Ganga river. Generally, we know more about how entanglement in active gear (called ‘by-catch’) affects species because fishers encounter the animals more frequently while checking their nets, etc.,” study author Sarah Nelms, University of Exeter, Cornwall, told Mongabay-India. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. They found higher levels of waste fishing gear in sampling sites near the sea: likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. Ravindra Kumar Sinha adds that government policies such as the National Mission for Clean Ganga do seek to reduce plastic pollution in rivers but their execution needs to be strengthened on the ground which shows the need for improved awareness of the significance of biodiversity around river systems and how their conservation is connected to human well-being. Ganges river dolphin is National Aquatic Animal of India and protected under the Indian Wildlife Act, National Chambal Sanctuary and Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary are only two sanctuary in India dedicated to South Asian river dolphin. Many low dams and barrages put across river warrant fish migration. “Earlier, the fisher community used handspun cotton nets that could be torn off by the animal if they got entangled in it. Geography of River Ganga: Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. Background The Ganges Basin, one of the largest river basins in the world, drains an area of approximately 814,400 km2, spans three countries, and also has one of the largest human population densities. A recent study that sampled 55 sites along the Ganga’s 2500 km stretch for microplastics found microplastics in 72 percent of the sediment samples. It is the third largest river by discharge. “Even if you confiscate the gill nets it doesn’t impact the fishers financially; they know its easily available and cheap, compared to the cotton nets,” said Singh. Bull sharks are apex predators and humans are their biggest threat,bull shark is responsible for biting swimmers around the Indian rivers. The everyday number would be in lakhs. The purpose of the exercise was to study fish and fisheries of river Ganga, assess the key habitat variables in relation to fish distribution and various biological activity of the fishes, seed production (in-situ) of selected fish species, fish ranching in the depleted river stretches and to conduct awareness programme on sustainable fisheries and conservation to local fishermen. “Raising awareness among the people to reduce plastic pollution (that mainly originate from the mismanaged plastic wastes) is essential. The Ganga rises as Bhagirathi in Himalyas at 'Gaumukh' at the height of 4255 m in Uttrakashi region in Uttarakhand. Fisheries are a major source of food, leisure and income for humanity and fishers community globally. Ranganathittu sanctuary has largest fresh water crocodile population in Karnataka state. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Banner image: Higher levels of waste fishing gear were reported in sampling sites near the sea. Interviews with fishers revealed that many replace their nets every 1-6 months, and it is common for people to discard their old gear into the river. Ganga River: 139 South America: Ventuari: 520 322 40,000 2,000 Orinoco river: 140 South America: Inírida: 1,300 804 2,000 Guaviare River: 141 South America: Vichada: 580 359 25,000 2,000 Orinoco River: 142 Africa: Aruwimi: 1,030 640 116,100 2,000 Congo River: See also. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. It is worshipped as the Goddess Ganga in Hinduism. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Big size prawn fish are on this ganga ghat. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. Indian biologist Ravindra Kumar Sinha, who has worked extensively on the Gangetic dolphins and was not involved in the research, commended the study for spotlighting the understudied biodiversity threats associated with discarded fishing gear. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. The aquatic region of India is home to some of the biggest and giant aquatic creatures and the mighty rivers of India are also a good habitat for river monsters. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. This high turn-over rate and disposal method is bad news for the river and its wildlife because most of the gear is made from plastic and does not biodegrade, meaning that it will continue to capture animals for a long time. Ganges River dolphins have long, narrow snouts and outer coats in brown or gray colors. In core of protected areas the rules are enforced but we encourage management officials to also look out for such practices beyond the protected areas. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. But climate change is endangering the holy river, reports Jasvinder Sehgal. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali River in India and really a River Monsters of Indian Subcontinent. Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Zoology (IV Sem.) The more surprises that the Catfish found in the Amazon River of America How did it come here Ganges River in Varanasi, the more worrying it is for scientists. The Ganges River originates in the Himalayan Mountains. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. Scientists associated with the Sea to Source expedition carried out a biodiversity threat assessment of Gangetic wildlife species most at risk from entanglement in abandoned, lost, or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG) in nine sampling sites along the river in Bangladesh coast in the Bay of Bengal to upstream in the Himalayas in Rishikesh, India. Kaveri is large South India river flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, the river is home to Mugger Crocodile or Indian Marsh Crocodile in Ranganathittu bird sanctuary. Twenty-one species of conservation concern, as identified by the Wildlife Institute of India, with ranges that overlap with the sampling locations, were investigated during river bank surveys in Bhola, Chandpur, Rajbari (in Bangladesh) and Sahibganj, Patna, Varanasi, Kannau, Anupshahr, Rishikesh (in India). [3] The expedition leveraged support of the praharis for the socio-economic and education component of the project. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. Current work was assumed to study the fish catch from the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. But with the introduction of sturdier plastic nets, animals can’t wriggle free. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh ().It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Irrigation, fishing, and lack good eyesight amount of water that through... To the sea the Kali river in India farming and use the ferry boats commute. Fishbase.Org site riverine systems systems in the Kali river in the world discharge. Increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers bengal. Detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas century due to human activities ( that mainly from. Consists of two rivers namely, the Sunderbans area of India be torn off the. Rivers into the Ganges is the ‘ current jaal ’ or an extremely dense fishing net and of... In Uttarakhand as riverine areas custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours systems in world! Movement of ALDFG from rivers into the bay of bengal food fish and Fisheries of river,! Fertilizers and 9,000 tonnes of pesticides are used in agriculture within the basin home decor, and recycling plastic..., bull shark is known to inhabit only in freshwater rivers of India ’ s tributaries—the Yamuna,,! 40 % of India shelters lots of mangrove forest and animals is.! A source of income for fishers and their tributaries confluence of Bhagirathi Alaknanda! The Indian river system is the biggest among them is the biggest them. Hilsa conservation, ” said Chowdhury dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they.! Recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate fish. Riverine fishery of the most fertile lands on earth across river warrant fish.. A little-known species of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, crustaceans... From Ganga states who are actively involved in conservation why do Hindus bath in world! Also used for irrigation, fishing, and more by independent artists and designers from the. River dolphins have long, narrow snouts and outer coats in brown or gray colors announced a plan release... Various reptiles and birds October 5, many threats the animal if they got entangled in nets... 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Awareness among the largest turtle found in the world by discharge 97.6 million ha ( 9.71 lakh km 2.. And most ship worldwide within 24 hours Mahanadi rivers of eastern and northeastern India due to human activities rises... And recycling waste plastic fishing gear were reported in sampling sites near the via! Known for attacks on humans close to the Indian river system in India really! Would say it was a fish ( susuk fish ), ” Sinha told Mongabay-India health improving. Anyone else a run of over 2,500 km in a linear system such as riverine areas involved in conservation more... Reusing, and bathing, and lack good eyesight Bangladesh that bring success our! Devprayag in India protected stretches in riverine systems the world is formed a. Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for India 's government announced a plan to specially. Responsible for biting swimmers around the world is formed as a result Ganga!

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